Britannica Reports This Day in History
On this day in 1931, in the so-called Mukden Incident, the Japanese army in Manchuria used the pretext of an explosion along its railway to occupy Mukden and to increase its control, within three months, to all of Manchuria.
More Events on this day:
1965: Japanese astronomers Ikeya Kaoru and Seki Tsutomu discovered Comet Ikeya-Seki.
1948: A local communist commander seized power in Madiun, Indonesia, as part of a rebellion effort against the Sukarno government in an incident known as the Madiun Affair.
1932: By royal decree the dual kingdom of the Hejaz and Najd, along with its dependencies, was unified under the name of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
1898: British forces under Sir Horatio Herbert Kitchener confronted French forces commanded by Jean-Baptiste Marchand at the disputed fort of Fashoda in the Egyptian Sudan.
1895: Booker T. Washington declared the Atlanta Compromisea classic statement on race relationsin a speech at the Atlanta (Georgia) Exposition.
1885: Bulgarian nationalists in Eastern Rumelia mounted a coup and declared the province's unification with Bulgaria, leading to the Serbo-Bulgarian War.